Cannabidiol (CBD) is a molecule of the cannabinoid family, with multiple medicinal properties, which in its natural form is found as an important component in Cannabis plants. However, unlike the famous Tetrahydrocannabidol (THC), CBD does not possess its characteristic psychoactive properties.
Now why have we heard so little about CBD? In fact, CBD-rich medicinal cannabis plants have been used empirically for centuries in many cultures. In the Victorian era, for example, the cannabis plant was used to treat pain, anxiety, nausea, and joint pain. However, due to the ” playful boom ” that THC obtained since the mid-20th century, cannabis growers were selecting plants with the highest levels of THC in each new generation. This unnatural selection led to high CBD strains becoming scarce. So that until relatively recently we have looked again at the virtues of medical marijuana.
The resurgence of CBD did not occur until a few years ago, when CBD-rich varieties (rich and with high percentages of CBD) were rediscovered, and the medicinal properties of CBD or cannabidiol were once again on the scientific agenda. Since then, high CBD plants and their seeds have become “star genetic lines.”
In what type of diseases cannabidiol be used?
Thanks to its medicinal properties, hemp extracts from plants rich in CBD are gaining worldwide recognition due to their proven utility in the treatment of multiple diseases.
Below, we mention in more detail some cases in which we can resort to the use of cannabidiol:
Neurological and neurodegenerative diseases
Scientific studies published in important high-impact journals make clear the advantages that can be obtained from the use of this type of cannabinoids as adjuvants in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s disease, Tourette syndrome, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, autism, insomnia. The use of CBD gives the patient a better quality of life by alleviating their symptoms (pain or memory loss), in the same way it slows down the deterioration of their condition.
Psychological and psychiatric illnesses
Regarding this type of diseases, Cannabidiol has been shown to play an important role; specifically in the treatment of pathologies such as anxiety, depression, mood disorders and eating disorders.
CBD takes its role in the brain and immunological processes that regulate pain and inflammation, through a complex biological mechanism at the cellular level. Said analgesic capacity has great utility in diseases such as arthritis, muscular and musculoskeletal pain, rheumatic pain, fibromyalgia, chronic cancer and non-cancer pain.
Furthermore, it has been shown that, together with the treatments commonly used for pain relief, such as opioids, analgesic therapy with Cannabidiol is a powerful adjuvant, offering the possibility of reducing the doses of these, and incidentally, their Adverse effects.
Chronic, metabolic and endocrine diseases
Medical cannabis for diabetes, cancer, glaucoma, among others, has become a source of relief for many patients. A 2013 American Journal of Medicine study, with a follow-up of almost 5000 patients for 5 years, concluded that Cannabis had protective properties against Diabetes, decreased obesity, oxidative stress and the neurotoxicity of high glucose levels, therefore it is an excellent alternative for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy and retinopathy.
Diseases of the respiratory system
Cannabidiol has shown a beneficial effect in diseases such as asthma, and its effectiveness is being studied for other conditions of the bronchi such as COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), among others. In addition to having a bronchodilator effect such as beta-agonist drugs, medical marijuana has an immunomodulatory action, intervening in the inflammatory nature of the disease.
Does the Cannabidiol used to cure cancer?
The mechanism by which cannabinoids interact with our cells has been studied in detail for decades. A special type of receptors in cell membranes, precisely called ” cannabinoid receptors ” play an important role in a variety of physiological processes including appetite, pain sensation, immunity, mood and memory. But beyond this, more recent studies show cannabis molecules as a possible arsenal in the battle against the dreaded cancer disease.
In a renowned scientific journal, Nature Reviews Cancer, an article has been published where it is shown with the highest reliability and under laboratory standards, that cannabis molecules such as CBD, manage to inhibit tumor growth, both in crops in vitro cell phones, as in animal models.
There are documented cases of patients, both adults and infants, in full remission; that is, with an apparent cure for this disease because the symptoms do not appear again. These reported cases have surprised the medical community because thanks to the use of Cannabinoids, their prognosis changes radically: the patients, after being evicted due to their disease refractory to all therapeutic possibilities (chemotherapy, radiotherapy and immunotherapy) decided to stick to This last hope, with really surprising results.